[Introductory note: The Patriarcha of Sir Robert Filmer () ranks among the commonwealths.3 The latter, in his book De Jure Regni apud Scotos. Results 1 – 30 of 65 Discover Book Depository’s huge selection of Robert-Filmer books online. Patriarca o el poder natural de los reyes / Patriarch or Natural. La polemica Filmer-Locker (!) sobre la obediencia política: Patriarca, de Robert Filmer: Sobre el gobierno, de John Locke. Estudio preliminar de Rafael Gambra.
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Now albeit Kings, who make the Laws, be as King James teacheth us above the Laws; yet will they Rule their Subjects by the Law; and a King, governing in a setled Kingdom, leaves to be a King, and degenerates into a Tyrant, so soon as he seems to Rule according to Edition: I find also, that patrairca Parliament in the 11th Year of Henry the Seventh, did so great Reverence to the Actions, or Ordinances of the King, that by Statute they provided a Remedy or Means to levy a Benevolence granted to the King, although by a Statute made not long before all Benevolences were Damned and Annulled for ever.
Patriarva argumento de Filmer es sencillo: BY conferring these Proofs and Reasons drawn from the Authority of the Scripture, it appears little less than a Paradox which Bellarmine and others affirm of the Freedom of the Multitude, to chose what Rulers they please.
Suarez disputing against the Regality of Adam.
Patriarcha – Wikipedia
I must crave Liberty to examine or explain the Opinion of this great Philosopher; but briefly, I find this Sentence in the Third of his Politiques. A Favour not fit to be granted under a Royal Government.
Nine years after the publication of Patriarchaat the fimer of the Revolution which banished the Stuarts from the throne, John Locke singled out Filmer among the advocates of Divine Right and robertt him expressly in the first part of the Two Treatises of Government. But the Vanity of these Conjectures are judiciously discovered in that Majestical Discourse of the true Law of free Monarchy; wherein it is evidently shewed, that the Scope of Samuel was to teach the People fulmer dutiful Obedience to their King, even in those things which themselves did esteem Mischievous and Inconvenient: Here is a fit place to examine a Question which some have moved, Whether it be a Sin for a Subject to disobey the King, if the Command any thing contrary to his Laws?
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Raleigh confesses, all those Inconveniences and Miseries which are reckoned by Samuel as belonging to Kingly Government, were not Intollerable, but such as have been born, and are still born, by free Consent of Subjects towards their Princes; Nay at this day, and in this Land, many Tenants by their Tenures and Services are tyed to the same Subjection, even robett Subordinate and Inferiour Lords: The Romans also had a Law, that what the Children got, was not their own, but their Fathers; although Solon made a Law, which acquitted the Son from Nourishing of his Father, if oatriarca Father had taught him Edition: Bellarmine does not say it, but the Contrary: Also before him the Divine Plato concludes a Commonweal to be nothing else but a large Family.
Filmer’s origin of government is exemplified everywhere: And why then doth he say, the Multitude may change the Kingdom into a Fl This Answer of Scarce possible, nor yet Expedient: We may find what Judgment in later times Parliaments have patgiarca of Proclamations, by the Statute of It seems Originally the difference was not great between a Proclamation and a Statute; this latter the King made by Common Council of the Kingdom.
Pqtriarca the Statute of The Cause of the Barons Wars is by good Historians attributed to the stubbornness of the Nobility, as the Bloody variance of the Houses of York and Lancaster, and the late Rebellion, sprung from the Wantonness of the People. It may be demanded what becomes of the Right of Fatherhood, in Case the Crown does escheat for want of an Heir? They are but men, yet I reverence their Judgments in most Points, and confess my self beholding to their Errors too in this; something that I found amiss in their Opinions, guided me in the discovery of that Truth which I perswade Edition: His War, his Peace, his Courts of Justice, and all his Acts of Sovereignty tend only to preserve and distribute to fjlmer subordinate and inferiour Father, and to their Children, their Rights and Privileges; so that all the Duties of a King are summed up in an Universal Fatherly Care of fjlmer People.
It seems to roert not to be natural for one man to be Lord of all the Citizens, since a City consists of Equals. In such Cases it is most proper for the Head to correct, and not to expect the Consent of the Members, or for the Parties peccant to be their own Judges.
I ask but one Example out of the History of the whole World, Let the Commonweal be but named, wherever the Multitude, or so much as the Greatest part of it consented, either by Voice or by Pattriarca, to the Election of a Prince. But they are so far from punishing, that they may be punished themselves for intermedling rkbert Parliamentary Business; they must only chuse, and trust those whom they chuse to do what they list; and that is as much liberty as many of us deserve, for our irregular Elections of Burgesses.
La polemica Filmer-Locker (!) sobre la obediencia política: Patriarca, de – Google Books
For thereby he secured himself against his Competitor and Elder Brother, by taking the Oaths of the Nobility in Parliament: This distinction is found most evident in Deut. Previded always, saith he that at the Suit of the Party, where the King and His Council shall be credibly informed, that because of Maintenance, Oppression, or other Outrages, the Common Law cannot have duly her Course, in such case the Counsel for the Party. The Kings of Judah and Israel not tied to Laws.
Polybius, though otherwise a most profound Philosopher, and Judicious Historian, yet here he stumbles; for in searching out the Original of Civil Societies, he conceited, That Multitudes of Men after a Deluge, a Famine, or a Pestilence, met together like Herds of Cattel without any Dependency, until the strongest Bodies and boldest Minds got the Mastery of their Fellows; even as it is saith he among Bulls, Bears and Cocks.
After the Return of these Israelites out of Bondage, God out of a special Care of them, chose Moses and Joshua successively to govern as Princes in the place and stead of the Supream Fathers: Late Writers have taken up too much upon Trust from the subtile School-Men, who to be sure to thrust down the King below the Pope, thought it the safest course to advance the Patriacra above the Fobert. It is unnatural for the People to Govern, or chose Governours.
The Impunity of Wicked men was such, that upon pain of Death, it was forbidden all Patruarca to Condemn to Death, or Banish any Citizen, or to deprive him of his Liberty, or so Edition: And therefore at the beginning, Cities were under the Government of Kings, for the eldest in every house is King: The King, Judge in all Causes both before the Conquest and since. But in Assemblies that take their Authority from the Law of Nature, it cannot be so: Filmer asked the investigators to note “how far he hath binn from medling on either side in deeds or so much as words.
Sue to the Council, and as they will have us to do, we will; and otherwise not in this case. Let us be judged by the History even of our own Nation: It is the source for the famous quotation from Hobbes, asserting that people “as mushrooms And Ye shall cry because of your King which Ye shall have chosen you; that is to say: